Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing and Surveillance of Resistance in Gram-positive Cocci: Laboratory to Clinic, ESCMID Postgraduate Technical Workshop

17 - 20 June 2012, Zagreb, Croatia

  • European Study Group for Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance (ESGARS)
  • Croatian Society of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology (CSMMP)
Course Material


Presentations are availabe in the ESCMID Online Lecture Library.


Sunday, 17 June 2012

  • Current epidemiology of invasive MRSA in Europe / Impact of CA-MRSA.
    W. Hryniewicz
  • Detection of livestock-associated MRSA including the novel mecA-variant.
    R. Skov
  • Susceptibility testing and screening methods for MRSA. R. Skov
  • Treatment options for MRSA infections. A. Tambic Andrasevic
  • Current epidemiology of invasive enterococci in Europe.
    Luis Martinez-Martinez
  • Susceptibility testing and screening methods for detection of VRE. Ch. Giske
  • Importance of correct species identification in enterococci and streptococci.
    J. Christensen

Monday, 18 June 2012

  • Epidemiology of penicillin-non-susceptible pneumococci (PNSP).
    B. Henriques-Normark
  • Macrolide- and lincosamide-resistance in streptococci and pneumococci.
    W. Hryniewicz
  • Impact of vaccination on serotype distribution and incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease. B. Henriques-Normark

Tuesday, 19 June 2012

  • Fluoroquinolone-resistance in pneumococci. Ch. Giske
  • Clinical importance of viridans groupstreptococci and other rare gram-positive cocci. J. Christensen
  • Early warning system for resistant organisms. G. Kahlmeter
  • Antimicrobial surveillance programs. N. van de Sande-Bruinsma


Course Objectives
  • Understand the epidemiology of methicillinresistant S.aureus, pencillin non-susceptible
  • pneumococci, ampicillin- and/or vancomycin-resistant enterococci and other resistant Gram-positive cocci in Europe
  • Perform antimicrobial susceptibility testing by dilution, diffusion and automatic techniques for above-mentioned bacteria
  • Explain important resistance mechanisms for the above-mentioned bacteria and factors determining the risk for selection and dissemination
  • Understand differences in various screening methods to detect carriage of resistant Gram-positive cocci


Course Venue

Department of Clinical Microbiology
University Hospital for Infectious Diseases
Zagreb, Croatia

Target Audience

30 clinical microbiologists or infectious disease specialists with an interest in antimicrobial susceptibility testing and surveillance.

Contact Persons

Arjana Tambic Andrasevic, Zagreb, HR

Robert Skov, Copenhagen, DK

Christian Giske, Stockholm, SE


Administrative Secretariat

Arijana Pavelic
University Hospital for Infectious Diseases
Mirogojska 8
10 000 Zagreb

Phone +385 1 282 6190
Fax +385 1 282 6295

Course Faculty
  • Jens Jorgen Christensen, Slagelse, DK
  • Giuseppe Cornaglia, Verona, IT
  • Christian Giske, Stockholm, SE
  • Birgitta Henriques-Normark, Stockholm, SE
  • Waleria Hryniewicz, Warsaw, PL
  • Gunnar Kahlmeter, Vaxjo, SE
  • Luis Martinez-Martinez, Santander, ES
  • Robert Skov, Copenhagen, DK
  • Arjana Tambic Andrasevic, Zagreb, HR
  • Nienke van de Sande-Bruinsma, Bilthoven, NL

Practical classes

  • Suzana Bukovski, Zagreb, HR
  • Iva Butic, Zagreb, HR
  • Irina Pristas, Zagreb, HR