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28 August 2018

Dear colleagues,

Please find below the latest edition of ESCMID Weekly News.

With kind regards,

ESCMID Executive Office.


Call for ESCMID Excellence, Young Investigator and TAE Awards

Nominations are now being accepted until 11 October 2018 at 12:00 noon CET for the Award for Excellence in recognition of an outstanding lifetime contribution to science, education or professional affairs in the field of infection as well as for the Young Investigator Award, which rewards outstanding research and stimulates further studies at the highest scientific level. The TAE Award for Training Achievements, with the same nomination deadline, recognizes and rewards outstanding trainees in clinical microbiology and infectious diseases.

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CMI Highlight: Diet as a risk factor in AMR of E. coli in community-acquired UTIs.

Mulder et al performed a retrospective case-control analysis as part of the Rotterdam Study to investigate an association between diet and antimicrobital resistance (AMR) to antibiotics used during urinary tract infection (UTI) with E.coli. Cultures were obtained from 612 individuals (78.6% women). Resistance rates varied from 246/611 (40.3%) for amoxicillin and 167/612 (27.3%) for trimethoprim to only 29/612 (4.7%) for nitrofurantoin and 16/462 (3.5) for cefotaxime. Higher intake of chicken and pork was associated with cefotaxime (OR 2.18; 95%CI 1.05-4.51 per tertile increase) and norfloxacin resistance (OR 1.42; 95%CI 1.04-1.95 per quartile increase) respectively. In contrast, higher intake of cheese was associated with lower AMR to amoxicillin and (OR 0.84; 95%CI 0.72-0.99 per quartile increase) and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (OR 0.67; 95%CI 0.53-0.86 per quartile increase). These findings support the hypothesis that diet may play a role in AMR of E. coli in UTIs, the researchers conclude.

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ESGVM study grant project – Final report submitted by Dr. Arshnee Moodley

Identification, taxonomy and ecology of the Staphylococcus intermedius group

The Staphylococcus intermedius Group (SIG) includes S. intermedius, S. delphini (groups A and B) and S. pseudintermedius. These coagulase-positive staphylococci can act as opportunistic pathogens leading to several infections in animals and humans. Phenotypic tests routinely used in diagnostic laboratories are often not sufficient to clearly identify and distinguish these three species. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) is emerging as an indispensable diagnostic tool for a fast, inexpensive and efficient bacterial identification. Nowadays, the two most common MALDI-TOF/MS-based diagnostic systems are the Bruker Biotype and bioMérieux’s Vitek MS. Despite recent studies evaluated the use of the Bruker system for SIG identification, no data are available for the bioMérieux’s Vitek MS. The aims of the study Identification, taxonomy and ecology of the Staphylococcus intermedius group, conducted by Dr. Arshnee Moodley (Veterinary Clinical Microbiology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark) and funded by ESCMID study grant-Veterinary Microbiology (ESGVM), were to 1) evaluate the performance of the Vitek MS in differentiating the SIG members and 2) perform whole genome analysis (WGS) to elucidate the phylogeny and validate the current taxonomic structure leading to a better understand of the ecology of these species. The results of this interesting study will soon be published in a peer-reviewed scientific journal. 

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Emerging outbreaks of measles in Europe and the USA

Reports have emerged of new outbreaks of measles in both Europe and the USA. Medscape has reported a dramatic increase in infections and extended outbreaks since 2016, with the highest numbers in the Ukraine. EITaF reported news of more than 100 cases of measles in the USA, the highest number since measles elimination was documented in the USA in 2000.

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ESCMID donates congress pens to schoolchildren in Ethiopia

What is the destiny of surplus pens given away at ECCMID? Since years, ESCMID has been offering surplus pens to non-for-profit organizations active in education. This year, 2000 pens from ECCMID 2018 were donated to Opportunity for Kids Ethiopia, an association run entirely by volunteers. Opportunity for Kids was founded by Dr. Zerihun Tadele, an eminent Ethiopian scientist working on Crop Breeding at the University of Bern, Switzerland. Dr. Tadele’s group focuses on improving economically important but under-researched crops from developing world. Many current and previous members of his group work as volunteer for Opportunity for Kids Ethiopia.

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